Prof. h.c. PD Dr. med. Matthias Steinwachs


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Specialist in orthopaedics, trauma and sports medicine
Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology of the Musculoskeletal System, FMH



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 Focus of treatment

  • Arthroscopic joint surgery specialising in the ankle and knee

  • Orthobiological sports traumatology, diagnostics and therapy for sports injuries

  • Preservative and reconstructive meniscus surgery 

  • Complete range of joint surgery for cartilage regeneration 

  • Injuries to the cruciate and collateral ligament

  • Joint preservation arthroscopy including mechanical axis correction

  • Treatment of bone disease with joint involvement such as bone bruising and chronic bone oedema, necrosis, and cysts

  • Patellar dislocation and ligament rupture, jumper’s knee

Therapeutic services

  • Expertise in knee surgery for joint preservation 

  • Cartilage therapy: Autologous chondrocyte transplantation (ACT), osteochondral transplantation, stem cell and biomaterial treatment methods, collagen membrane and PRP, revision surgery

  • Meniscus regeneration: Preservative meniscal surgery, partial meniscus resection and replacement, meniscal transplant (allograft), revision surgery

  • Cruciate ligament injuries: All reconstructive ligament replacement on the anterior cruciate ligament such as Ligamys, healing response (quadriceps tendon, hamstrings (STG), BTB, allograft, surgical treatment on loosened or partially torn cruciate ligaments, revision surgery

  • Patella: Patellar dislocation and ligament rupture; jumper’s knee

  • Bone: Reconstructive bone surgery, bone damage remediation

Career history

1980
High-school graduation at university grade (Allgemeine Hochschulreife), Ambrosius-Blarer-Gymnasium Gaienhofen, Germany

1980 – 1983
Legal Studies, University of Konstanz, Germany

1983 – 1990 
Medical Studies, University of Heidelberg und Göttingen, Germany

1990
Licence to practice human medicine, University of Göttingen, Germany

1990 – 1991
Medical internship, Surgical Department at Bernward Krankenhaus hospital, Hildesheim, Germany

1991 – 1992
Research and medical practice at the Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology under Prof. Kahl, University Medical Centre, Göttingen, Germany

1992 – 1997
Specialist medical training in orthopaedics, Dept. of Orthopaedics and Traumatology under Prof A. Reichelt, Medical Centre – University of Freiburg, Germany

1995
Stay abroad to train under Prof. L. Peterson, GMC Göteborg, Sweden

1997
Certification as a specialist in orthopaedics, South Baden Medical Association, Freiburg, Germany

1997 – 2003
Senior physician, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Medical Centre – University of Freiburg, Germany

1998 – 2007
Head of the Cartilage Research Group, Valley TEC Freiburg, Medical Centre – University of Freiburg, Germany

2003 – 2007 
Appointment as Medical Director, Cartilage Transplantation Section under Prof N. Südkamp, Medical Centre – University of Freiburg, Germany 

2006 
Certification to practise sports medicine, South Baden Medical Association, Freiburg, Germany

2008
Certification as a specialist in orthopaedics and trauma surgery, South Baden Medical Association, Freiburg, Germany

2007 – 2014  
Head physician for orthobiology and cartilage regeneration, Schulthess Clinic, Zurich, Switzerland

2014 – current 
Head Physician and Partner at SportClinic Zurich, Hirslandenklinik hospital, Zürich (Switzerland)

Academic history

1992 
Doctoral thesis at the Centre of Pharmacology and Toxicology under Prof. Kahl, University of Göttingen, Germany; Title:   Einfluss von Stoffwechselmodulatoren auf das Metabolitenprofil flurieter Pyrimidine in inkubierten Rattenhepatozyten (Effect of metabolic modulators on the metabolite profile of fluorinated pyrimidines in incubated rat hepatocytes), experimental thesis; grade: magna cum laude

2004
Post-doctoral thesis in Orthopaedics under Prof. Reichelt, University of Freiburg, title:  Tissue Engineering in der Orthopädie (Tissue engineering in orthopaedics), experimental post-doc thesis

2005
Appointment as a lecturer on being awarded the venia legendi in Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg

2006 
Appointment as an honorary professor, Institute of Sports Medicine, Beijing University

Research activities

1987 – 1992 
Research: Analysis on tumour-cell biochemistry, intracellular metabolism of fluorinated pyrimidines in rat hepatocytes, cell cultures with tumour-cell lines, animal testing, drug monitoring, metabolic study on AIDS therapeutics, HPLC analysis on O2 radicals, HPLC, TLC, tracer analysis under Prof. Dr. med. G.F. Kahl, Dept. of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Göttingen; funded by the Mildred Scheel Foundation and German Cancer Society 

1993 – 1997
Research: Isolating and culturing human chondrocytes from arthritic joints (cell cultivation, markers, and viability; 3D cultivation and serum conditions; use of bioscaffolds), mechanically induced cell cultivation; Medical Centre – University of Freiburg

1998 – 2001
Research: Isolation and cultivation of human chondrocytes from healthy joints (cell expansion for autologous chondrocyte transplantation), cell cultivation and analysis of cell markers (FACS), cell viability monitoring, 3D culture conditions for redifferentiation control), optimisation of serum conditions, development of QM standards, SOP, GMP standards in authorising a new cell product (ARTROcell) for orthopaedic surgery; University of Freiburg and CellGenix GmbH, Freiburg

1997 – 2002
Research: Isolating and cultivating human meniscus and intervertebral disc cells; cell cultivation, O2/CO2 culture conditions, FACS analysis, collagen scaffold testing, gel cultivation, tests on various serotypes for cell growth.

2002 – 2003
Research: Isolation and cultivation of human mesenchymal stem cells (bone marrow aspiration), Ficoll gradient centrifugation, analysis of cytokines and growth factors, optimisation of culture conditions; CellGenix GmbH and University of Freiburg

2000 – 2008
Clinical study: Clinical Outcome of Autologous Chondrocytes Transplantation using a Collagen Membrane instead of Periosteum (prospective three-year follow-up study), Medical Centre – University of Freiburg

2000 – 2008
Clinical study: Clinical Outcome of Microfracture in the treatment of small Cartilage defects (prospective two-year follow-up study), Medical Centre – University of Freiburg

2000 – 2008
Clinical study: Medium-term MRT courses at the application of the ACT and Microfracture, Medical Centre – University of Freiburg

2000 – 2008
Clinical study: New approach for the treatment of Osteochondral Defects of the posterior talus (prospective four-year follow-up study), Medical Centre – University of Freiburg

2000 – 2008
Clinical study: Long-time outcome of the first generation of ACI (follow-up study after ACT-CS), Medical Centre – University of Freiburg

2008 – 2009
Experimental minipig study on using MSCs for cartilage repair under Prof. Redl, Ludwig Boltzmann Institute, Vienna, Austria

2008 – 2010
Development of a new therapeutic method: The use of BMAC & PRP for cartilage repair, Schulthess Klinik hospital, Zurich

2009 – 2012
Development of an arthroscopic application technique for the incorporation of biomaterial gel (BST-CarGel) for treating cartilage defects in the knee joint, Schulthess Klinik hospital, Zurich

2010 – 2013
Multicentre trial (RCT): Reconstruction of osteochondral defects with a new biomaterial “majoregen”, Schulthess Klinik hospital, Zurich

2012
Experimental study on growth factor levels in human PRP under Prof. Martin, University of Basel

2013 – current
Joint research on early osteoarthritis in athletes under Prof. Zenobi Marcy-Wong, DHEST, ETH Zurich

2017 – 2018
Clinical Study: Arthroscopic and open treatment of cartilage lesions with BST-CARGEL scaffold and microfracture: A cohort study of consecutive patients, SportClinic Zurich

Appointments

2002
Founding member of clinical tissue regeneration work group in the German Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology

2003
Member of the Methodology Committee in the joint federal committee (GBA)

2005
Member of the Reg. Med. expert committee in the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), Berlin 

2008 
Member of the experts’ committee on cell therapy at the European Medicines Agency (EMA), London, UK; and Paul Erlich Institute (PEI), Langen, Germany

2012 – current
Appointment to the Accredited ESSKA Teaching Centre for Arthroscopy & Sports Medicine

2012 – current
Appointment to the ICRS Teaching Centre

2013 – current 
Member of the Swiss knee experts group (EGK) at Swiss Orthopaedics (SGOT)

2013
Appointment as an AGA instructor

2013 – 2017 
Member of the extended board of the Society for Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery (AGA); Chair of the knee-cartilage-meniscus committee of the AGA

2015 – 2017 
Chair of the general knee committee of the AGA

Professional memberships

  • Society for Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery (AGA)

  • European Society of Sports Traumatology, Knee Surgery and Arthroscopy (ESSKA)

  • German Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology (DGOU)

  • German Association of Orthopaedics and Sports Traumatology (DVOST)

  • International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS)

  • Swiss Medical Association (FMH)

  • Swiss Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology (SGOT)

  • Zurich Medical Association (AGZ)

Teaching

1998 – current 
Teaching Orthopaedics at the University of Freiburg

2013 – current 
Participation in the main Joint Lecture, ETH Zurich, DHEST, under Prof. Marcy Zenobi-Wong 

2017 – current
Tenure as a lecturer in specialist musculoskeletal system, Bachelor’s in Human Medicine, ETH-DHEST

Joint research projects and agreements

Prof. Dr. Marcy Zanoby-Wong, Cartilage Engineering & Regeneration, ETH Zurich
Prof. Dr. Ivan Martin, Stem Cell Centre of Competence in Research and Clinical Translation, Dept. of Biomedicine, University of Basel 
Prof. Dr. med. P. Niemeyer and Prof. Dr. G. Salzmann, Dept. of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University of Freiburg      

Honours

  • Wer ist Wer in Deutschland (Who’s Who in Germany)

  • Marquis Who’s Who in the World

  • Marquis Who’s Who in Science and Engineering (World)

  • Marquis Who’s Who in Medicine and Healthcare (World)

  • Spezialisten für das Kniegelenk (knee joint specialists), Stern Magazine No. 41, 10/2002

  • The 66 best doctors and clinical institutes in Germany, Fit For Fun 4/2003

  • The 63 best specialists for joints in Germany, FOCUS No. 42 10/2003

  • The 80 experts for the knee in Germany, FOCUS Nr: 46 11/2006

  • Admission to the Primo Medico medical network, 2017

  • Admission to the BetterDoc medical network, 2018

  • Inclusion in the Leading Medicine Guide, 2018

  • Member of KNEEguru.co.uk international knee specialists

Publications in peer-reviewed journals

1. Steinwachs M, Cavalcanti N, Reddy SMV, Werner C, Tschopp D, Choudur H. Arthroscopic and open
treatment of cartilage lesions with BST-CARGEL scaffold and microfracture: A cohort study of 
consecutive patients. The Knee 12/2018 in print.

2. Kerschenmeyer A, Arlov Ø, Malheiro V, Steinwachs M, Rottmar M, Maniura-Weber K, Palazzolo G, Zenobi-Wong M. Anti-oxidant and immune-modulatory properties of sulfated alginate derivatives on human chondrocytes and macrophages. Biomater Sci.2017 Aug 22;5(9):1756-1765

3. Kreuz PC, Steinwachs M, Angele P. Single-dose local anesthetics exhibit a type-, dose-, and time-dependent chondrotoxic effect on chondrocytes and cartilage: a systematic review of the current literature. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2018 Mar;26(3):819-830.

4. Arlov Ø, Steinwachs M, Skjåk-Bræk G, Zenobi-Wong M. Biomimetic sulphated alginate hydrogels suppress IL-1β-induced inflammatory responses in human chondrocytes. Eur Cell Mater. 2017 Feb 7;33:76-89.

5. Studer D, Cavalli E, Formica FA, Kuhn GA, Salzmann G, Mumme M, Steinwachs MR, Laurent-Applegate LA, Maniura-Weber K, Zenobi-Wong M. Human chondroprogenitors in alginate-collagen hybrid scaffolds produce stable cartilage in vivo. J Tissue Eng Regen Med. 2016 Jul 4.

6. Madry H, Kon E, Condello V, Peretti GM, Steinwachs M, Seil R, Berruto M, Engebretsen L, Filardo G, Angele P. Early osteoarthritis of the knee. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2016 Jun;24(6):1753-62.

7. Steinwachs MR, Guhlke-Steinwachs U. Supplements and injections for treatment of osteoarthritis and chondral damage, What is established? Arthroskopie 2016 29;75-81.

8. Niemeyer P, Albrecht D, Andereya S, Angele P, Ateschrang A, Aurich M, Baumann M, Bosch U, Erggelet C, Fickert S, Gebhard H, Gelse K, Günther D, Hoburg A, Kasten P, Kolombe T, Madry H, Marlovits S, Meenen NM, Müller PE, Nöth U, Petersen JP, Pietschmann M, Richter W, Rolauffs B, Rhunau K, Schewe B, Steinert A, Steinwachs MR, Welsch GH, Zinser W, Fritz J. Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) for cartilage defects of the knee: A guideline by the working group "Clinical Tissue Regeneration" of the German Society of Orthopaedics and Trauma (DGOU). Knee. 2016 Jun;23(3):426-35.

9. Angele P, Niemeyer P, Steinwachs M, Filardo G, Gomoll AH, Kon E, Zellner J, Madry H. Chondral and osteochondral operative treatment in early osteoarthritis. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2016 Jun;24(6):1743-52.

10. Ryd L, Brittberg M, Eriksson K, Jurvelin JS, Lindahl A, Marlovits S, Möller P, Richardson JB, Steinwachs M, Zenobi-Wong M. Pre-Osteoarthritis: Definition and Diagnosis of an Elusive Clinical Entity. Cartilage. 2015 Jul;6(3):156-65.

11. Salzmann GM, Niemeyer P, Vogt S, Kreuz P, Arnold M, Fritz J, Mujeeb A, Rosenberger R, Steinwachs M, Angele P. Practical execution of defect preparation prior to surgical cartilage intervention: results from a representative meeting survey among experts. Springerplus. 2015 Nov;4:682.

12. Steinwachs MR, Waibl B, Mumme M. Arthroscopic Treatment of Cartilage Lesions With Microfracture and BST-CarGel. Arthrosc Tech. 2014 Jun 16;3(3):e399-402.

13. Steinwachs MR, Waibl B, Wopperer S, Mumme M. Matrix-associated chondroplasty: a novel platelet-rich plasma and concentrated nucleated bone marrow cell-enhanced cartilage restoration technique. Arthrosc Tech. 2014 Apr 21;3(2):e279-82.

14. Shive MS, Restrepo A, Totterman S, Tamez-Peña J, Schreyer E, Steinwachs M, Stanish WD. Quantitative 3D MRI reveals limited intra-lesional bony overgrowth at 1 year after microfracture-based cartilage repair. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2014 Jun;22(6):800-4.

15.Frappier J, Stanish W, Brittberg M, Steinwachs M, Crowe L, Castelo D, Restrepo A. Economic evaluation of BST-CarGel as an adjunct to microfracture vs microfracture alone in knee cartilage surgery. J Med Econ. 2014 Apr;17(4):266-78.

16. Pestka JM, Bode G, Salzmann G, Steinwachs M, Schmal H, Südkamp NP, Niemeyer P. Clinical outcomes after cell-seeded autologous chondrocyte implantation of the knee: when can success or failure be predicted? Am J Sports Med. 2014 Jan;42(1):208-15.

17. Steinwachs M, Wopperer S, Salzmann G, Waibl B. Regenerative Knorpeltherapie. Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie Update 9,2014; 279-301.

18. Niemeyer P, Porichis S, Steinwachs M, Erggelet C, Kreuz PC, Schmal H, Uhl M, Ghanem N, Südkamp NP, Salzmann G. Long-term outcomes after first-generation autologous chondrocyte implantation for cartilage defects of the knee. Am J Sports Med. 2014 Jan;42(1):150-7.

19. Kühle J, Angele P, Balcarek P, Eichinger M, Feucht M, Haasper C, Alexander G, Jung T, Lill H, Marquass B, Osti M, Rosenberger R, Salzmann G, Steinwachs M, Voigt C, Vogt S, Zeichen J, Niemeyer P. Treatment of osteochondral fractures of the knee: a meta-analysis of available scientific evidence. Int Orthop. 2013 Dec;37(12):2385-94.

20. Niemeyer P, Andereya S, Angele P, Ateschrang A, Aurich M, Baumann M, Behrens P, Bosch U, Erggelet C, Fickert S, Fritz J, Gebhard H, Gelse K, Günther D, Hoburg A, Kasten P, Kolombe T, Madry H, Marlovits S, Meenen NM, Müller PE, Nöth U, Petersen JP, Pietschmann M, Richter W, Rolauffs B, Rhunau K, Schewe B, Steinert A,

Steinwachs MR, Welsch GH, Zinser W, Albrecht D. [Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) for cartilage defects of the knee: a guideline by the working group "Tissue Regeneration" of the German Society of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology (DGOU)]. Z Orthop Unfall. 2013 Feb;151(1):38-47.

21. Vogt S, Angele P, Arnold M, Brehme K, Cotic M, Haasper C, Hinterwimmer S, Imhoff AB, Petersen W, Salzmann G, Steinwachs M, Venjakob A, Mayr HO. Practice in rehabilitation after cartilage therapy: an expert survey. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2013 Mar;133(3):311-20.

22. Leunig M, Tibor LM, Naal FD, Ganz R, Steinwachs MR. Surgical technique: Second-generation bone marrow stimulation via surgical dislocation to treat hip cartilage lesions. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2012 Dec;470(12):3421-31.

23. Steinwachs M, Peterson L, Bobic V, Verdonk P, Niemeyer P. Cell-Seeded Collagen Matrix-Supported Autologous Chondrocyte Transplantation (ACT-CS): A Consensus Statement on Surgical Technique. Cartilage. 2012 Jan;3(1):5-12.

24. Hambly K, Silvers HJ, Steinwachs M. Rehabilitation after Articular Cartilage Repair of the Knee in the Football (Soccer) Player. Cartilage. 2012 Jan;3(1 Suppl):50S-6S.

25. Steinwachs MR, Engebretsen L, Brophy RH. Scientific Evidence Base for Cartilage Injury and Repair in the Athlete. Cartilage. 2012 Jan;3(1 Suppl):11S-7S.

26. Steinwachs MR, Waibl B, Niemeyer P. Use of human progenitor cells in the treatment of cartilage damage. Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz. 2011 Jul;54(7):797-802. doi: 10.1007/s00103-011-1302-5.

27. Ossendorf C, Steinwachs MR, Kreuz PC, Osterhoff G, Lahm A, Ducommun PP, Erggelet C. Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) for the treatment of large and complex cartilage lesions of the knee. Sports Med Arthrosc Rehabil Ther Technol. 2011 May 21;3:11.

28. Niemeyer P, Pestka JM, Erggelet C, Steinwachs M, Salzmann GM, Südkamp NP. Comparison of arthroscopic and open assessment of size and grade of cartilage defects of the knee. Arthroscopy. 2011 Jan;27(1):46-51.

29. Niemeyer P, Lenz P, Kreuz PC, Salzmann GM, Südkamp NP, Schmal H, Steinwachs M. Chondrocyte-seeded type I/III collagen membrane for autologous chondrocyte transplantation: prospective 2-year results in patients with cartilage defects of the knee joint. Arthroscopy. 2010 Aug;26(8):1074-82.

30. Niemeyer P, Pestka JM, Kreuz PC, Salzmann GM, Köstler W, Südkamp NP, Steinwachs M. Standardized cartilage biopsies from the intercondylar notch for autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI). Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2010 Aug;18(8):1122-7.

31. Niemeyer P, Köstler W, Steinwachs M, Südkamp N. Die autologe Knorpelzelltransplantation (ACT) als ein Baustein kniegelenkserhaltender Therapieansätze zur Behandlung posttraumatischer Arthrosen bei jungen, sportlich aktiven Patienten. Sports Orthopaedics and Traumatology 2010, Vol. 26, Issue 2, p107.

32. Salzmann GM, Niemeyer P, Steinwachs M, Kreuz PC, Südkamp NP, Mayr HO. Cartilage repair approach and treatment characteristics across the knee joint: a European survey. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2011 Mar;131(3):283-91.

33. Niemeyer P, Salzmann G, Steinwachs M, Südkamp NP, Schmal H, Lenz P, Köstler W. Presence of subchondral bone marrow edema at the time of treatment represents a negative prognostic factor for early outcome after autologous chondrocyte implantation. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2010 Aug;130(8):977-83.

34. Niemeyer P, Steinwachs MR, Südkamp N. Operative Behandlung isolierter Knorpelschäden am Kniegelenk OP-Journal 2006; 22(3):194-201.

35.Steinwachs MR. Non-matrix-bound chondrocyte transplantation. Arthroskopie 2005;18(3):198-202. 

36. Steinwachs MR. Die Behandlung von dorsalen osteochondralen Defekten des Talus über einen erweiterten Zugang. Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie 2004; 16(3):300-319.

37. Steinwachs M. New technique for cell-seeded collagen-matrix-supported autologous chondrocyte transplantation. Arthroscopy. 2009 Feb;25(2):208-11.

38. Niemeyer P, Pestka JM, Kreuz PC, Erggelet C, Schmal H, Suedkamp NP, Steinwachs M. Characteristic complications after autologous chondrocyte implantation for cartilage defects of the knee joint. Am J Sports Med. 2008 Nov;36(11):2091-9.

39. Steinwachs MR, Kreuz PC, Guhlke-Steinwachs U, Niemeyer P. Current treatment for cartilage damage in the patellofemoral joint . Orthopade. 2008 Sep;37(9):841-7.

40. Steinwachs MR, Guggi T, Kreuz PC. Marrow stimulation techniques. Injury. 2008 Apr;39 Suppl 1:S26-31.

41. Kreuz PC, Lahm A, Haag M, Köstler W, Konrad G, Zwingmann J, Hauschild O, Niemeyer P, Steinwachs M. Tibial wedge osteotomy for osteochondral transplantation in talar lesions. Int J Sports Med. 2008 Jul;29(7):584-9.

42. Niemeyer P, Steinwachs M, Erggelet C, Kreuz PC, Kraft N, Köstler W, Mehlhorn A, Südkamp NP. Autologous chondrocyte implantation for the treatment of retropatellar cartilage defects: clinical results referred to defect localisation. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2008 Nov;128(11):1223-31.

43. Niemeyer P, Kreuz PC, Steinwachs M, Köstler W, Mehlhorn A, Kraft N, Südkamp NP. Technical note: the "double eye" technique as a modification of autologous chondrocyte implantation for the treatment of retropatellar cartilage defects. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2007 Dec;15(12):1461

44. Ossendorf C, Kreuz PC, Steinwachs MR, Erggelet C. Autologous chondrocyte implantation for the treatment of large full-thickness cartilage lesions of the knee. Saudi Med J. 2007 Aug;28(8):1251-6.

45. Kreuz PC, Steinwachs M, Erggelet C, Krause SJ, Ossendorf C, Maier D, Ghanem N, Uhl M, Haag M. Classification of graft hypertrophy after autologous chondrocyte implantation of full-thickness chondral defects in the knee. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2007 Dec;15(12):1339-47.

46. Steinwachs M, Kreuz PC. Autologous chondrocyte implantation in chondral defects of the knee with a type I/III collagen membrane: a prospective study with a 3-year follow-up. Arthroscopy. 2007 Apr;23(4):381-7.

47. Kreuz PC, Steinwachs M, Erggelet C, Lahm A, Krause S, Ossendorf C, Meier D, Ghanem N, Uhl M. Importance of sports in cartilage regeneration after autologous chondrocyte implantation: a prospective study with a 3-year follow-up. Am J Sports Med. 2007 Aug;35(8):1261-8.

48. Niemeyer P, Kreuz PC, Steinwachs M, Südkamp NP. Operative treatment of cartilage lesions in the knee joint. Sportverletz Sportschaden. 2007 Mar;21(1):41-50.

49. Billmann F, Le Minor JM, Steinwachs M. Bipartition of the superior articular facets of the first cervical vertebra (atlas or C1): a human variant probably specific among primates. Ann Anat. 2007;189(1):79-85.50. Kreuz PC, Erggelet C, Steinwachs MR, Krause SJ, Lahm A, Niemeyer P, Ghanem N, Uhl M, Südkamp N. Is microfracture of chondral defects in the knee associated with different results in patients aged 40 years or younger? Arthroscopy. 2006 Nov;22(11):1180-6.

51. Kreuz PC, Steinwachs MR, Erggelet C, Krause SJ, Konrad G, Uhl M, Südkamp N. Results after microfracture of full-thickness chondral defects in different compartments in the knee. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2006 Nov;14(11):1119-25.

52. Kreuz PC, Steinwachs M, Edlich M, Kaiser T, Mika J, Lahm A, Südkamp N. The anterior approach for the treatment of posterior osteochondral lesions of the talus: comparison of different surgical techniques. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2006 May;126(4):241-6. 

53. Kreuz PC, Steinwachs M, Erggelet C, Lahm A, Henle P, Niemeyer P. Mosaicplasty with autogenous talar autograft for osteochondral lesions of the talus after failed primary arthroscopic management: a prospective study with a 4-year follow-up. Am J Sports Med. 2006 Jan;34(1):55-63.54. Behrens P, Bosch U, Bruns J, Erggelet C, Esenwein SA, Gaissmaier C, Krackhardt T, Löhnert J, Marlovits S, Meenen NM, Mollenhauer J, Nehrer S, Niethard FU, Nöth U, Perka C, Richter W, Schäfer D, Schneider U, Steinwachs M, Weise K. [Indications and implementation of recommendations of the working group "Tissue Regeneration and Tissue Substitutes" for autologous chondrocyte transplantation (ACT)]. German Society for Traumatology.; German Society for Orthopedic Surgery. Z Orthop Ihre Grenzgeb. 2004 Sep-Oct;142(5):529-39.

55. Steinwachs MR, Kreuz PC. Combinations of different cartilage resurfacing techniques. Z Orthop Ihre Grenzgeb. 2003 Nov-Dec;141(6):625-8.56. Steinwachs MR, Kreuz PC, Guhlke-Steinwachs U. Autologous chondrocyte transplantation. Med Monatsschr Pharm. 2003 Apr;26(4):123-9.

57. Steinwachs MR, Kreuz PC, Krause S, Lahm A. Klinische Ergebnisse nach Mikrofrakturierung bei der Behandlung von Gelenkknorpeldefekten. Sports Orthopaedics and Traumatology 2003, Vol. 19, Issue 4, p291–294.

58. Erggelet C, Steinwachs MR, Reichelt A. The operative treatment of full thickness cartilage defects in the knee joint with autologous chondrocyte transplantation. Saudi Med J. 2000 Aug;21(8):715-21.

59. Lahm A, Erggelet C, Steinwachs M, Reichelt A. Arthroscopic management of osteochondral lesions of the talus: results of drilling and usefulness of magnetic resonance imaging before and after treatment. Arthroscopy. 2000 Apr;16(3):299-304.

60. Steinwachs MR, Erggelet C, Lahm A, Guhlke-Steinwachs U. Clinical and cell biology aspects of autologous chondrocytes transplantation. Unfallchirurg. 1999 Nov;102(11):855-60.

61. Erggelet C, Eggensperger G, Steinwachs M, Lahm A, Reichelt A. Postoperative ossifications of the shoulder. Incidence and clinical impact. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 1999;119(3-4):168-70.

62. Erggelet C, Steinwachs M. Articular cartilage regeneration techniques Current Opinion in Orthopaedics 1999; 10(6):452-457.

63. Lahm A, Erggelet C, Steinwachs M, Reichelt A. Arthroscopic therapy of osteochondrosis dissecans of the talus--follow-up with a new "Ankle Score" Sportverletz Sportschaden. 1998 Sep;12(3):107-13.

64. Steinwachs MR, Haag M, Krug C, Erggelet C, Reichelt A. A ganglion of the spinoglenoid notch. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 1998 Sep-Oct;7(5):550-4.

65. Lahm A, Erggelet C, Steinwachs M, Reichelt A. Articular and osseous lesions in recent ligament tears: arthroscopic changes compared with magnetic resonance imaging findings. Arthroscopy. 1998 Sep;14(6):597-604.

66. Zaki S, Steinwachs M, Sharifi S, Gerber E, Kahl R. Oxidation of Tris and formaldehyde to CO2 by neutrophil oxidants. Res Commun Mol Pathol Pharmacol. 1996 Jul;93(1):79-87.

67. Stücker R, Steinwachs M. Osteomyelitis from an orthopedic viewpoint. Kinderkrankenschwester. 1995 Dec;14(12):497-8.

68. Gröger P, Sydow M, Michaelis HC, Steinwachs M, Kolenda H, Kettler D. Extreme duration of action of diazepam as a cause of respiratory insufficiency in a female geriatric patient. Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther. 1992 Apr;27(2):121-3.

Books

Steinwachs MR. Erkrankungen des Skelettsystems: Rheumatoide Arthritis und Arthrose in Ernährungsmedizin, Ed. Biesalski HK, Bischoff S, Puchstein C; Thieme 2010

Gelenkknorpeldefekte 2016 Ed. C. Erggelet, M. Steinwachs, Steinkopfverlag Darmstadt

Steinwachs MR. Grundlagen der Arthroseentwicklung 3.0 ; Chondrale Rekonstruktion in Management der Arthrose, J. Jerosch & J. Heisel Ed, Dt Ärzteverlag 2010

Steinwachs MR. Zellbiologische Aspekte der ACT-Gentechnische Therapieansätze in Fortbildung Orthopädie 3-KNIE, Die ASG-Kurse der DGOT 2000, ED. A.Imhoff, Steinkopfverlag Darmstadt

Steinwachs MR. ACI and resorbable collagen membrane: Chondro-Gide surgical technique and results in Basic Science, Clinical Repair Reconstruction of Articular Cartilage Defects: Current Status Prospects 2011 by Stefano Zanasi, Mats Brittberg, Maurilio Marcacci ED. Timeo Editore SRL, I

Steinwachs MR. Matrix Enhanced Microfracture-Autologous Matrix-Induced Chondroneogenesis (AMIC), Techniques in Cartilage Repair Surgery by A. Ananthram Shetty, Seok-Jung Kim, Norimasa Nakamura, Mats Brittberg Springer Science & Business Media 2014

Steinwachs MR, Wopperer S, Waibl B, Salzmann GM . New ACI generations” . ICRS Cartilage E-book 2015, Ed. Elizaveta Kon, Massimo Berruto, Vincenzo Condello, Giuseppe Peretti, Mario Ronga, Guest Editor: Mats Brittberg, CIC Edizioni Internazionali SRL, I

Steinwachs MR. Clinical Results of Autologous Chondrocyte Transplantation (ACT) Using a Collagen Membrane in Cartilage Surgery and Future Perspectives, Hendrich, Christian, Nöth, Ulrich, Eulert, Jochen (Eds.), Springer 2003